Sites in India

Keoladeo National Park

KeoladeoDate of Inscription: 1985
Property : 2873.0000 ha
State of Rajasthan, 50 km west of Agra
N27 09 32 E77 30 31

The Keoladeo National Park is a famous avifauna sanctuary that sees thousands of rare and highly endangered birds such as the Siberian Crane come here during the winter season. Over 230 species of birds are known to have made the National Park their home. It is also a major tourist centre with scores of ornithologists arriving here in the hibernal season. It was declared a protected sanctuary in 1971. The park was a hunting ground for the maharajas of Bharatpur, a tradition dating back to 1850, and duck shoots were organized yearly in honor of the British viceroys. In one shoot alone in 1938, over 4,273 birds such as mallards and teals were killed by Lord Linlithgow, the then Governor-General of India. After India's independence, the rulers of the princely states were allowed shooting rights until 1972.

Nanda Devi and Valley of Flowers National Parks

Nanda DeviDate of Inscription: 1988
Extension: 2005
Property : 71783.0000 ha
Buffer zone: 514286.0000 ha
State of Uttaranchal
N30 43 0.012 E79 40 0.012

Valley of Flowers National Park is an Indian national park, Nestled high in West Himalaya, and is renowned for its meadows of endemic alpine flowers and outstanding natural beauty. This richly diverse area is also home to rare and endangered animals, including the Asiatic black bear, snow leopard, brown bear and blue sheep. The gentle landscape of the Valley of Flowers National Park complements the rugged mountain wilderness of Nanda Devi National Park. Together they encompass a unique transition zone between the mountain ranges of the Zanskar and Great Himalaya. The park stretches over an expanse of 87.50 kmĀ².

Qutb Minar and its Monuments, Delhi

Royal ChitwanDate of Inscription: 1993
v Delhi
N28 31 33.0 E77 11 07.0

The Qutb complex is an array of monuments and buildings at Mehrauli in Delhi, the most famous of which is the five-storeyed, and 72.5 m high Qutb Minar built in 1192 AD, by Qutbuddin Aibak, viceroy and general in Mohammed Ghori of Ghazni's army to mark their victory over Delhi. The complex was added to by many subsequent rulers, including Firoz Shah Tughlaq and Ala ud din Khilji as well as the British. Other important constructions in the complex are the Quwwat ul-Islam Mosque, the Alai Gate, the Alai Minar, the Iron pillar, and the tombs of Iltutmish, Alauddin Khilji and Imam Zamin; surrounded by Jain temple ruins.

Fatehpur Sikri

Fatehpur SikriDate of Inscription: 1986
Uttar Pradesh, Agra District
N27 5 40 E77 39 51

The historical city of Fatehpur Sikri was constructed by Mughal emperor Akbar beginning in 1570 and served as the empire's capital from 1571 until 1585, when it was abandoned for reasons that remain unclear. The surviving palace and mosque are now a tourist attraction and a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Agra Fort

Agra FortDate of Inscription: 1983
Uttar Pradesh, Agra District
N27 11 E78 02

The Agra Fort is also known as Lal Qila, Fort Rouge and Red Fort of Agra. It is about 2.5 km northwest of its much more famous sister monument, the Taj Mahal. The fort can be more accurately described as a walled palatial city. It is the most important fort in India. The great Mughals Babur, Humayun, Akbar, Jehangir, Shah Jahan and Aurangzeb lived here, and the country was governed from here. It contained the largest state treasury and mint. It was visited by foreign ambassadors, travelers and the highest dignitaries who participated in the making of history in India.

Mountain Railways of India

Mountain RailwaysDate of Inscription: 1999
Criteria: (ii)(iv)
Property : 79.0600 ha
Buffer zone: 74.8800 ha
N11 30 37.008 E76 56 8.988

Several railways were built in the mountainous regions of India. Collectively they are known as the Mountain railways of India: Darjeeling Himalayan Railway, Nilgiri Mountain Railway, and Kalka-Shimla Railway. They were recognized for being "outstanding examples of bold, ingenious engineering solutions for the problem of establishing an effective rail link through a rugged, mountainous terrain".

Taj Mahal

Taj MahalDate of Inscription: 1983
Uttar Pradesh, Agra District
N27 10 27 E78 02 32

The Taj Mahal is a mausoleum located in Agra, India, built by Mughal Emperor Srhah Jahan in memory of his favorite wife, Mumtaz Mahal. The Taj Mahal is considered the finest example of Mughal architecture, a style that combines elements from Persian, Indian, and Islamic architectural styles. In 1983, the Taj Mahal became a UNESCO Worrld Heritage Site and was cited as "the jewel of Muslim art in India and one of the universally admired masterpieces of the world's heritage." While the white domed marble mausoleum is its most familiar component, the Taj Mahal is actually an integrated complex of structures. Building began around 1632 and was completed around 1653, and employed thousands of artisans and craftsmen. The construction of the Taj Mahal was entrusted to a board of architects under imperial supervision including Abd ul-Karim Ma'mur Khan, Makramat Khan, and Ustad Ahmad Lahauri. Lahauri is generally considered to be the principal designer.

Humayun's Tomb, Delhi

Humayun's TombDate of Inscription: 1993
Delhi
N28 35 36.0 E77 15 02.0

Humayun's tomb complex encompasses the main tomb of the Emperor Humayun, which houses the graves of his wife, Hamida Begum, and also Dara Shikoh, son of the later Emperor Shah Jahan, as well as numerous other subsequent Mughals, including Emperor Jahandar Shah, Farrukhsiyar, Rafi Ul-Darjat, Rafi Ud-Daulat and Alamgir II. It represented a leap in Mughal architecture, and together with its accomplished Charbagh garden, typical of Persian gardens, but never seen before in India, it set a precedent for subsequent Mughal architecture. It is seen as a clear departure from the fairly modest mausoleum of his father, the first Mughal Emperor, Babrur, called Bagh-e Babur (Gardens of Babur) in Kabul (Afghanistan).

Red Fort Complex

Red Fort Date of Inscription: 2007
Property : 49.1815 ha
Buffer zone: 43.4309 ha
New Delhi State, Central District, New Delhi
N28 39 20 E77 14 27

The Red Fort is a 17th century fort complex constructed by the Mughal emperor Shahjahan in the walled city of Old Delhi (in present day Delhi, India). It served as the capital of the Mughals until 1857, when Mughal emperor Bahadur Shah Zafar was exiled by the British Indian government. The British used it as a military camp until India was made independent in 1947. It is now a popular tourist site, as well as a powerful symbol of India's sovereignty: the Prime Minister of India raises the flag of India on the rampants of the Lahori Gate of the fort complex every year on Independence Day.

Mahabodhi Temple Complex at Bodh Gaya

MahabodhiDate of Inscription: 2002
Property : 4.8600 ha
State of Bihar, Eastern India
N24 41 43.008 E84 59 38.004

The Mahabodhi Temple is a Buddhist temple in Bodh Gaya, the location where Siddhartha Gautama, the Buddha, attained enlightenment. Bodh Gaya is located about 96 km from Patna, Bihar state, India. Next to the temple, to its western side, is the holy Bodhir tree. In the Pali Canon, the site is called Bodhimanda, and the monastery there the Bodhimanda Vihara. The tallest tower is 55 meters tall.

Khajuraho Group of Monuments

KhajurahoDate of Inscription: 1986
State of Madhya Pradesh
N24 51 09 E79 55 15

Khajuraho is a town in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh, located in Chhatarpur District, about 620 kilometres southeast of New Delhi, the capital city of India. One of the most popular tourist destinations in India, Khajuraho has the largest group of medieval Hindu and Jain temples, famous for their erotic sculpture. The Khajuraho group of is considered to be one of the "seven wonders" of India. The whole area was enclosed by a wall with eight gates, each flanked by two golden palm trees. There were originally over 80 Hindu temples, of which only 25 now stand in a reasonable state of preservation, scattered over an area of about 20 square kilometers. Today, the temples serve as fine examples of Indian architectural styles that have gained popularity due to their explicit depiction of sexual life during medieval times. Locals living in the Khajuraho village always knew about and kept up the temples as best as they could. They were pointed out to an Englishman in late 19th century but the jungles had taken a toll on all the monuments.

These brief descriptions and pictures come mainly from Wikipedia. Along the way we will update it with our own information and pictures. For more information about World Heritage sites check out: http://whc.unesco.org