Sites in Nepal

Kathmandu Valley

KathmanduDate of Inscription: 1979
Property : 188.9500 ha
Buffer zone: 239.3400 ha
Kathmandu Valley
N27 42 14.22 E85 18 30.888

The Kathmandu Valley has at least 130 important monuments, including several places of pilgrimage for the Hindus and the Buddhists. The city of Kathmandu is named after a structure in Durbar Square called Kaasthamandap in Sanskrit, "covered shelter." This unique temple, also known as Maru Satal, was built in 1596 CE by King Laxmi Narsingh Malla. The entire structure contains no iron nails or supports and is made entirely from wood. Legend has it that the timber used for this two story pagoda was obtained from a single tree. As the city has many temples, it is also known as the City of Temples.

Sagarmatha National Park

SagarmathaDate of Inscription: 1979
Property : 114800.0000 ha
Solu-Khumbu District of the Sagarmatha Zone
N27 57 55 E86 54 47

Sagarmatha National Park, is located in eastern Nepal, containing parts of the Himalayas and the southern half of Mount Everest. The park encompasses an area of 1,148 km² and ranges in elevation from its lowest point of 2,845 m. at Jorsalle to 8,850 m. at the summit of Everest. Barren land above 5,000 m. (16,400 ft) comprises 69% of the park while 28% is grazing land and the remaining 3% is forested. Most of the park area is very rugged and steep, with its terrain cut by deep rivers and glaciers. Unlike other parks, this park can be divided into four climate zones because of the rising altitude. The climatic zones include a forested lower zone, a zone of alpine scrub, the upper alpine zone which includes upper limit of vegetation growth, and the Arctic zone where no plants can grow. The types of plants and animals that are found in the park depend on the altitude. The park contains the upper watershed of the Dudh Kosi river basin system.

Royal Chitwan National Park

Royal ChitwanDate of Inscription: 1984
Property : 93200.0000 ha
Chitwan District of the Narayani Zone
N27 30 E84 20

Chitwan National Park is rich in flora and fauna, including one of the last populations of single-horned Indian Rhinoceros and the Bengal tiger. The area was known as "Four Mile Forest" and a hunting reserve for big game hunting until 1951. The park is now a popular destination for ecotourists and includes canoeing, elephant rides, and guided jungle walks. Adjacent to the National Park in the east is the Parsa Wildlife Reserve (49.900 ha) and further east the Bara Hunting Reserve (25.900 ha). In the south the Chitwan is contiguous with the Indian Valmiki Tiger Reserve. The vegetation consits mainly of moist deciduous forests, with the sal as dominating tree species. In the Churia Hills pine trees predominate. On the floodplains of the large Rivers, by name the Rapti, the Reu and the Narayani there are large areas covered with Elephant grass alternating with riverine Forests mainly composed of Simal, Khair and Sisau trees.The Chitwan National Park is home to at least 43 species of mammals, 450 species of birds, and 45 species of amphibians and reptiles. Elephants and Indian rhinos are the largest species found in the park, but a lot of other large herbivores are found in the park.

Lumbini, the Birthplace of the Lord Buddha

LumbiniDate of Inscription: 1997
Lumbini Zone, Rupandehi District, Western Terai
N27 28 08 E83 16 34

Lumbini is a Buddhist pilgrimage site in the Kapilavastu district of Nepal, near the Indian border. It is the place where Queen Mayadevi is said to have given birth to Siddhartha Gautama, who in turn, as the Buddha Gautama, gave birth to the Buddhist tradition. The Buddha lived between roughly 563 and 483 BCE. Lumbini is one of four magnets for pilgrimage that sprang up in places pivotal to the life of the Buddha, the others being at Kushinagar, Bodh Gaya, and Sarnath. Lumbini is in the foothills of the Himalaya, 25 km east of the municipality of Kapilavastu, where the Buddha is said to have lived till the age of 29. Kapilvastu is the name of the place in question as well as of the neighboring district. Lumbini has a number of temples, including the Mayadevi temple, and others under construction. Also here is the Puskarini or Holy Pond - where the Buddha's mother took the ritual dip prior to his birth and where he, too, had his first bath - as well as the remains of Kapilvastu palace. At other sites near Lumbini, earlier Buddha’s were, according to tradition, born, achieved ultimate awakening and finally relinquished earthly form.

These brief descriptions and pictures come mainly from Wikipedia. Along the way we will update it with our own information and pictures. For more information about World Heritage sites check out: http://whc.unesco.org