Sites in Turkministan

Parthian Fortresses of Nisa

NisaDate of Inscription: 2007
Property : 77.9050 ha
Buffer zone: 400.3000 ha
Bagyr settlement, Etrap of Rukhabad, Akhal Vilayet
N37 59 59 E58 11 55

Nisa was an ancient city, located near modern-day Bagir village, 18 km southwest of Ashgabat, Turkmenistan. Nisa is described by some as one of the first capitals of the Parthians. It was traditionally founded by Arsaces I (reigned c. 250 BC–211 BC), and was reputedly the royal necropolis of the Parthian kings, although it has neither been established that the fortress at Nisa was a royal residence nor a mausoleum. Excavations at Nisa have revealed substantial buildings, mausoleums and shrines, many inscribed documents, and a looted treasury. Many Hellenistic art works have been uncovered, as well as a large number of ivory rhytons, the outer rims (coins) decorated with Iranian subjects or classical mythological scenes.