Samarkand – Crossroads of Cultures

SamarkandDate of Inscription: 2001
Property : 965.0000 ha
Samarkand Region
N39 40 07 E67 00 00

Samarkand is the second-largest city in Uzbekistan and the capital of Samarqand Province. The city is most noted for its central position on the Silk Road between China and the West, and for being an Islamic centre for scholarly study. The Bibi-Khanym Mosque remains one of the city's most famous landmarks. The Registan was the ancient centre of the city. In 2001, UNESCO inscribed the 2,750-year-old city on the World Heritage List. Samarkand derives its name from the Old Persian asmara, "stone", "rock", and Sogdian kand, "fort", "town". Samarkand is one of the oldest inhabited cities in the world, prospering from its location on the trade route between China and the Mediterranean. At times Samarkand has been one of the greatest cities of Central Asia.